Is Russia exporting grain ‘stolen’ from Ukraine?

Is Russia exporting grain ‘stolen’ from Ukraine?

Ukraine is one of the major grain exporters in Africa and the Middle East. Russia is sending grain from Ukraine to foreign countries. That’s according to Russian officials stationed in the south of Russian-occupied Ukraine. News from the BBC.

However, Ukrainian officials allege that Russia stole some 600,000 tons of grain from Ukraine. Russia has exported some of these grains. The BBC could not verify the allegations. Russia denies stealing grain from Ukraine

Delivery of grain stored in Ukraine to various countries around the world has become urgently needed. The country exports millions of tons of grain annually to Africa and the Middle East. It is not possible to transfer grain by ship as the Russian navy has blocked the Black Sea port of Ukraine.

Russia says Ukraine must remove explosives from Black Sea coast Then it will be possible to export grain well along the Black Sea corridor.

According to The New York Times, the United States has accused Russia of trying to sell wheat stolen from Ukraine to troubled African countries. The New York Times quoted a State Department source as saying that the United States had issued warnings in 14 countries. Most of these countries are African. It is reported that Russian cargo ships are leaving the ports near Ukraine.

What is Russia saying?

Yevgeny Balitsky, an official in charge of the Russian-occupied Zhagorod region, said the train had left for Crimea on a freight train. From there the grain will be taken to the Middle East. Russia occupied Crimea in 2014.

Balitsky told Russian state TV that a final agreement was being reached with Turkey. However, he did not give any details about this.

Oleg Kryuchkov, a spokesman for the Russian “occupying authority” in Crimea, said 11 wagons loaded with grain had arrived in Crimea from the town of Melitopol in Zaporia. He told Russia’s state news agency RIA that grain was being transported from the occupied Kherson area.

The BBC has contacted Russian authorities for comment. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov discussed the grain crisis with Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlুতt Cavusoglu in Ankara on Wednesday. However, not much progress has been made in this regard.

Lavrov has denied allegations that Russia obstructed wheat exports to Ukraine. He said Ukraine was responsible for removing explosives from the waters of Odessa and other ports.

A spokesman for Ukraine’s foreign ministry said they would not be able to remove the explosives from the coast. Because, Russia can carry out attacks using the corridors in the south of Ukraine.

Russia blames Western sanctions for global food crisis But Westerners say Russia is using the food supply as a weapon. Turkey is trying to reach an agreement to keep the sea corridors safe.

What Ukraine is saying

Ukraine’s ambassador to Turkey Vasil Badnar said last week that Russia was sending grain stolen from Crimea. Turkey is one of the places where the grain will go.
“We urge Turkey to cooperate with us,” Badiner told Reuters. We are pursuing criminal charges against those who steal and sell grain on the advice of Turkish authorities. ”

Mykola Gorbachev, head of the Grain Association of Ukraine, warned that if exports from Ukraine’s ports did not resume, harvesting would be affected by the end of this month. Gorbachev added that next year, Ukraine will be able to export 20 million tons of grain by land, river and rail. But last year it was possible to export more than four crore tons of grain in these ways.

Why is the world under so much pressure?

Due to the Russia-Ukraine war, the world has to pay high prices for grain, cooking oil, fuel oil and fertilizer. Western sanctions on Russia have also played a role in the crisis.

Russia and Ukraine supply about one-third of the world’s wheat. Of this, Ukraine supplies about 10 percent of wheat. According to the United Nations, Ukraine supplied 18 percent of the world’s corn in 2019. The country supplies 42 percent of sunflower oil.

The blockade of Ukraine due to the war and the stockpiling of grain by some countries have affected the global food crisis. This has created a kind of food insecurity.
Patrick Wilton, the World Food Programme’s official in Somalia, said there was an extreme drought in Africa. By the end of this year, the number of one and a half crore people in food crisis will increase to two crore.


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